Monthly Archives: November 2012

VETERANS DAY POPPIES

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Poppies have been the official remembrance for Vets since WWII. It came about as a result of the famous poem Flander’s Field. Every year you will see people from the VFW handing out small poppies to wear on September 11th, The official Veteran’s Day. Another option is to simply make a few for yourself. My Girl Scout Troop made one for themselves and extras to hand out.

SUPPLIES:
Red Crepe Paper (party streamers)
Black Crepe Paper
Green Pipe Cleaner
Safety Pin
Scissors

The first step is to cut the red paper into circles. We found that 3 circles of various sizes looked the nicest, but you can do only 1 if you like. We also used fancy edged scissors as you can see from the picture above. However, regular will work fine as well. The fancy edge just makes the petals look a little more natural. Next, cut a tiny circle from the black paper for the center of the flower.

Stack the paper circles from largest to smallest.

Cut your pipe cleaner into thirds or quarters, depending on how long you want your stem to be. I did quarters for the one you see and a 1 inch safety-pin. Bend 1/4 inch of the tip on 1 end over and squeeze it tightly so that it looks like the end of the pipe cleaner is curved. This prevents anyone from getting poked and stops the pipe cleaner from falling out of the flower. Insert the pipe cleaner through the top of the flower, carefully holding the crepe paper while you do. If you try to rush this, you will rip the paper. Once the end has poked through, pull it the rest of the way.

Insert the other end into the loop of your safety-pin, pulling about half of the stem through.

Wrap the bottom half of the stem around the back side of the safety-pin. Not the side that opens your pin, the back side. Wrap it nice and tight. This holds your Poppie to the pin and hides it at the same time.

Now your poppie is all ready to wear in honor of a Veteran. You can personalize them by writing the name of a family or friend on a piece of card stock and inserting the pin.

FALL HAIR BARRETT

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Boo loves to wear things in her hair and I came up with this idea from the supplies I purchased for the Haunted Trees. It was very simple to make and even the Daisy girls were able to do it all on their own.

SUPPLIES
Craft Glue
Barrett
Sand Paper
Fall Leaves
Moss

The leaves I purchased already had some glitter on them. If you cannot find glittered leaves, spread a tiny bit of glitter glue on and you will receive the same results.

Begin by using the sandpaper to scratch the surface of the barrett. If you don’t scratch it up the glue will have nothing to really grab and your leaves will fall off.

Before gluing any leaves, arrange them in a pattern that you find pleasing. I found 4 per barrett worked pretty well. I had 2 sizes of barretts and thus 2 sizes of leaves. Once you have an arrangement you like, begin to glue them on. Give the top of the barrett a really good layer of glue and press the leaf into it for a few seconds so it has a chance to start drying. Then add your second layer and the moss to finish it off. If you like, find a coordinating ribbon that you can cut into 6 inch lengths to place behind the moss and you will have it dangling down as you wear your hair accessory.

I found the leaves on clearance at Wal Mart for .50 a package and we got 2 crafts out of them. I figure about .10 for each set of 4. The glue I already had and I found the moss and barretts at the Dollar Store. So maybe it cost $1 apiece to make them.

SOW WHAT JOURNEY

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Once again, I follow the LEARN – SEE – DO model for the Journey. We learned about food, saw how it works in our community and did something about it.

OPTION 1

LEARN
We began with pulling out store ads and discussion the prices of food items and where they come from.
How did transporting food add to its cost?
How did processing detract from the nutritional content?
What items do we need to be processed and transported to be enjoyed in our area?
What is companion planting?
Can yo do container planting if you don’t have a garden plot?
Next we discussed gardens and why people have them. Some do it for enjoyment, others for health reasons and still others to save money. So why don’t more people grow them?
You might like this video someone pieced together for the Sow What Journey.
I cannot emphasize this enough, do not just take the word of what you find online when ti comes to modern farming. Recently movies have been made that are interesting, but you always need to gather your own facts. The best way to do this is to visit a farm for yourself. Visit a food warehouse or production plant. See for yourself what modern food techniques are being used.

SEE
Rent a community garden plot for the summer and grow their own garden.
Contact the local Cooperative Extension office and requested an expert gardener come speak to the girls. She can answer any questions and gave them a lot of advice for their first garden.
The girls will learn a lot over the next several months about responsibility (weeding and watering when it was their turn) as well as the frustration of a late summer, early frost and pests.
They could pick whatever was ripe on the day they worked and prepare it in some way for their family.

DO
The end of the summer resulted in a family bbq where the girls prepared food from the garden and talked to the families about the benefits of gardening.
Donate their harvest to the local food bank or a needy family.
Harvest the seeds and share them with others for next year.

OPTION 2

Another direction is to discuss how we need a variety of foods. Because food is easily transported, Americans have a tendency to eat the same foods all the time. Growing season exist so that we eat a large variety of foods at different times of the year.

LEARN
What kids of foods have the girls never tried?
Visit local restaurants with authentic cuisine from other countries.
Have dinner parties to try making their own recipe.
Have an Iron Chef competition.
Learn about the new food guidelines and caloric intake recommendations.
Keep a food journal and discover if you are eating as well as you thought you were. What can you easily do to change your diet?n This site not only allows you to track your food, it monitors calories, nutrition, fat as well as exercise. You set up your program the way you want.
How does activity effect our overall health and our diet?
Have fun with food and try a progressive dinner. Will a local bakery allow you to come in to learn how to bake or decorate cakes?
How do food allergies affect everyone. This includes those without allergies that are limited in what they can bring to school.
Learn alternative ways to make a food that will cater to people with gluten allergies.
What careers are there i the food industry? Careers such as chef, line cook, rancher, farmer, agronomist, teacher, writer, food critic, food taster, food developer, television and photography.
What are common injuries in the kitchen and how do you treat them?
Are there local or state laws that affect privately owned gardens? For example, last year in the news a woman who used the front yard as a garden was told by her city she had to remove it.
What foods work best for hiking, camping or just a long trip?
What are good snacks to make when babysitting?
The Blue Ocean institute offers a brochure that lists seafood that is sustainable. You can email to request the brochure.
I cannot emphasize this enough, do not just take the word of what you find online when ti comes to modern farming. Recently movies have been made that are interesting, but you always need to gather your own facts. The best way to do this is to visit a farm for yourself. Visit a food warehouse or production plant. See for yourself what modern food techniques are being used.

SEE
How hard is it to find a variety of foods in your area?
When areas are hit with a natural disaster, how do they set up a food chain again? Does your local food bank serve fresh food?
What is gleaning and is there a local group you can go out with?
Encourage the next SU Thnking Day have Troops bring foods from the countries they talk about.
Is there a Meals on Wheels program in your area you can volunteer with?
Does your food have an emergency kit with adequate food for the entire family?
Is there a cooking club you can try out?

DO
If you don’t have one of the groups mentioned above, see if you can help get one started. If they already exist, what can yo do to help promote them?
Can you get local stores to stock a wider variety of fresh fruits and vegetables?
What about getting your own family to change their eating habits and promote the results via the local newspaper.
Create a cookbook and sell it.

AWARDS
All badges require 5 activities and ones related to the Journey can be applied based on how the girls do them. Below are suggestions of other awards activities can be applied to for all levels, not just your Seniors.

DAISY
Courageous and Strong
Responsible for what I Say and Do
Use Resources Wisely
Making Choices
Flower Garden Journey
Between Earth and Sky Journey

BROWNIE
Snacks
First Aid
Computer Expert
My Best Self
Household Elf
Product Designer
Wonder of Wow Journey

JUNIOR
Simple Meals
First Aid
Staying Fit
Gardener
Camper
Independence
Savvy Shopper
Agent of Change Journey

CADETTE
New Cuisines
First Aid
Eating for Beauty
Book Artist
Trailblazing
Babysitter
Night Owl
Netiquette
Comparison Shopping
Media Journey

SENIOR
Behind the Ballot
Locavore
First Aid
Traveler
Women’s Health

AMBASSADOR
Photographer
Public Policy
Dinner Party
First Aid
Water
Your Voice, Your World Journey

ANIMAL BADGES

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ANIMAL  BADGES

I think most girls enjoy animals so this legacy series is very popular to earn. It can be done easily in a multi-level Troop or just on an individual basis at home. Below are some suggestions for earning the various badges.

CRAFTS
Masks or PetPuppetHeads to perform a skit
Glowing firefly from a pop bottle
Coloring Pages

DISCUSSION
Exotic pets are growing in popularity, but should people have them?
How does an animal get into a movie or tv show?
How does one become a service animal?
What are the laws in your state regarding service animals?
What animals are service animals and for whom?
How do you treat a service animal when you see one?
Who has a pet and how do you care for them?
What myths are there about various animals?
What invasive species have been released into your area? What has been the affect on native species?
What is your state animal? (pick just about any animal here because some states have a lot of state species.)
Learn to identify animal tracks
What are common injuries from pets or wild animals? What first aid would you use to treat them?
How do you prevent injuries from wild animals?
Do you have a local pest control board, and what do they do? For example, in my area they spray for mosquitoes every spring because they can become a major health problem around the lake areas due to their number.
What can you do at home to prevent pets and wild animals from making it THEIR new home?
How does the weather effect wild animals? How have natural disasters effected pet owners?
If you have a pet, does your family emergency kit include items they will need?
If there is an emergency, do you have a plan for your family pet?
How have people effected the habitats of local animals?
What animals are extinct or endangered?

FIELD TRIPS
Vet clinics
Zoo
Circus
Preserve
Animal rescue center
Farms
Local fair
Dog show
Pet store
Senior center / Assisted living facility / nursing
Aquarium – some places allow sleepovers.
Visit an airport, how do they deal with birds or other animals around the runway.
A natural history museum. Or even small local museums sometimes have animal exhibits.
Swim with dolphins.
Go snorkeling
GO fishing
Go on a hike and what animals do you see? Try one at night too.
Western University of Veterinary Medicine in Ramona California.

GAMES
Charades with animals
Freeze tag with animals
Crab walk races
Animal Songs

GUEST SPEAKERS
Someone who has a service animal for vets for MS National Association
Some,one from animal control
Someone from a pest service
National Audubon Society – they can put you in touch with someone from your area.

MOVIES
Madagascar 3 – Discuss animal control, zoos, and circus and why they exist and if they are a good thing.
Dreamer – Horse racing, connection to animals
Quill Service animals
Flicka –
Finding Nemo – Sea life in general and the coral reef
Willie the Sparrow – Empathy and wild birds
Free Willie – Facilities like Seaworld
Lassie – Animal intelligence and connection to people
Benji – Homeless animals

SERVICE
Educate others on service animals.
Educate others on what you have learned about caring for animals and myths about animals?
Have an animal adoption day.
Raise food or other needs for a local shelter. Remember, you cannot raise money for another organization.
Visit a nursing home or senior center a pet for the residents.
The Great Backyard Bird Count – the next one is Feb. 15-18, 2013
Make bat boxes
Make butterfly boxes
Plant a butterfly garden
Make a bird house
Make a hummingbird feeder
Make a bird feeder. Could be something permanent or just birdseed on a pine-cone.
Is there a nearby area that had a disaster that could use help caring for their animals which have lost a home or need food?

The Costa Humane Society put together this 40 page PDF that has a lot of really great ideas.

AWARDS

All current badges require 5 activities to earn them If the girls do more than those 5 they can apply them to other badges. You cannot apply the same activity to 2 badges. However, I feel that a true Journey includes earning badges so I do apply an activity done towards a badge to the Journey as well because we do far more than those 5 to finish a Journey. Below are the awards the activities above could be applied to depending on how it is done.

DAISY

Friendly and Helpful Peta
Considerate and Caring Petal
Respect Myself and Others Petal
Make the World a Better Place Petal
Count it Up Leaf
Making Choices Leaf
Three Cheers for Animals Journey

BROWNIES

First Aid
Bugs
Household Elf
Hiker
Pets
Give Back
Philanthropist
Quest Journey
Wow Journey

JUNIORS
First Aid
Gardner
Animal Habitats

CADETTES

First Aid
Trailblazing
Night Owl
Think Big
Sow What Journey
Breath Journey

SENIORS
First Aid
Truth Seeker
voice for Animals

AMBASSADORS

Public Policy
Firs Aid
Water

WEATHER PROGRAM

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WEATHER PROGRAM

PREDICTING THE WEATHER

Many today consider the old sayings about how the weather will be as myth. Consider for a moment, how long we have had modern weather predicting devices. Before farmers had the weather channel, they had to figure out when to plant and when to harvest. Sailors needed to know if they were headed for a storm. Travelers needed to know when to look for shelter. They did it by looking towards the sky for natural signs which are a result of scientific factors like atmospheric pressure and the moisture content.

LOW AIR PRESSURE – When the atmospheric pressure is decreasing bad weather is headed your way. Using an altimeter while staying at the same contour allows you to see if it is changing. If you don’t’ have one handy watch the insects and birds. If they are flying low to the ground it is a good sign the pressure is dropping.

STILL AIR – When air has been still for a long time, a frontal system may be bringing bad weather. If you have even been outside before a snow storm, you will know what I mean. It just seems a bit TOO calm.

CARONA – When there is a ring around the sun or moon bad weather should arrive within 12 to 24 hours. The ring is a result of tiny ice particles high in a cirrus cloud that are bending the light to form the ring.

OLD SAYINGS – Expressions were used to teach people how to predict the weather. We all remember nursery rhymes for the same reason.

Red sky at night, sailor’s delight. Red sky at morning, sailor’s take warning. This is a pretty accurate prediction as long as the prevailing winds are westerly.

Another old saying which deals with low pressure regions goes like this.
When the wind is blowing in the North
No fisherman should set forth,
When the wind is blowing in the East,
‘Tis not fit for man nor beast,
When the wind is blowing in the South
It brings the food over the fish’s mouth,
When the wind is blowing in the West,
That is when the fishing’s best!

While a high pressure area might say
No weather is ill, if the wind be still.

A carona is explained by
When halo rings the moon or sun, rain’s approaching on the run

While a seagull sitting on the sand indicates windy seas.
Moisture causes wood to swell resulting in the following problem.
When windows won’t open, and the salt clogs the shaker,
The weather will favour the umbrella maker!

Did you know cows prefer to have the wind blowing int heir face? Knowing the direction of the wind predicts storms.
A cow with its tail to the West makes the weather best,
A cow with its tail to the East makes the weather least

For air to be cool enough in the summer to produce fog the next day should be clear.
A summer fog for fair,
A winter fog for rain.
A fact most everywhere,
In valley or on plain.

This saying is true in the summer months, but not int he winter.
When sounds travel far and wide,
A stormy day will betide.

And some sayings are pure myths.
If clouds move against the wind, rain will follow. or
Cats and dogs eat grass before a rain.

Modern studies have shown a correlation to our bodies and the weather so don’t discount your Great Aunt Bea when she says her back says a storm is coming.
A coming storm your shooting corns presage,
And aches will throb, your hollow tooth will rage.

CLOUDS

CIRRUS CIRROCUMULUS – Whispy clouds that are high in the sky often occur in good weather. As they gather together and thicken bad weather is coming witin 24 to 48 hours.

CUMULONIMBUS – when whispy cumulus clouds darken as they grow vertically forming an anvil shape rain is likely to occur. You can often see these clouds in the distance in flat land areas.

CUMULUS – thin and white, they look like cotton balls. When there has been little vertical growth, fair weather can be expected.

STRATUS CLOUDS – Shallow, long and gray, clouds bring drizzly gray weather and are usually close to ground. This is bad weather for hikers and campers as the rain usually sticks around for several days.

CRAFT

1. Use cotton balls to form various clouds on a piece of paper. Integrate it into regular craft projects such as a hand print Mayflower.
2. Make a rain gauge.

GAME

1 Place a ping pong ball on the table or floor. Girls must blow through a straw to get the ball to cross the finish line.
2. Blow up a balloon and place it on the ground. Girls must use a fan to push it across the finish line. TO make it even harder, create a course the balloon must follow.

SCIENCE

1. Forecast the weather by sight.
2. Boil water and then pour into a jar and close the lid tight. You will see condensation forming on the jar similar to the way water evaporates to form clouds.
3. Use a microscope to look at snowflakes.
4. Create layers of substrate. (dirt, sand and rock layers in a 2 liter bottle) Sprinkle a little water on the topsoil and see what happens. Slowly increase the amount of water until the soil cannot absorb it anymore and you have a flood. How long does it take to finally be absorbed? What does this tell you about flooding?
5. Keep a weather log: Read the newspaper for/watch weather channel a week. Was either one accurate? With what you have learned about watching for the weather, predict what you think will happen and what does happen. Which method was the most accurate?
6. Use an altimeter. Don’t have one? There is an app for it.
7. Get various fabrics wet and see how long it takes each of them to dry.
8. Cover your hand with a fabric and grab a piece of ice. Does your hand get cold or wet?
9. Have a clothing judging contest. Lay various fabrics on the table and girls have to write down the name of the fabric, what it is good and bad for and what items of clothing ti should be used for.
10. Bring in a bunch of clothes and have the girls figure out what to wear for a given weather scenario. Do a fashion show at the end.
11. Create your own lightning by making static electricity.
12. Make a tornado from soda bottles, you only need to buy a connector.
13. make lightning.
14. Make a barometer.
15. Make a cloud.
16. What can air pressure do?
17. Show conduction.
18. Make convection currents.
19. Show the water cycle.
20. What does lower air pressure do by sucking an egg into a bottle.

FIELD TRIP
1. Visit a local television station and talk to the meteorologist or have her come to a meeting.
2. If it is a cloudy day, lay outside and see what shapes you can find in the clouds.
3. After a good thunderstorm, go outside and use your senses. What do you see, smell and hear?
4. Enjoy the weather! Go skiing, snow shoeing, sledding, have a snowman contest, go swimming or fishing.
5. Go fly a kits.

EMERGENCY

1. What would you do in a weather emergency?
2. What common injuries occur due to bad weather? How would you treat them?

EFFECTS
1. How does the weather affect people where you live? How has it recently affected others around the country? Can you do a service project for them?
2. How does the weather effect insects, animals and plants? For example, a cold winter means fewer mosquitoes in the spring but it also means animals may be hungry and come into the suburbs looking for food. What animals sense when an earthquake is coming?
3. How do you prevent frostbite? This chart not only provides temperatures based on windchill, it tells you how long it takes to develop frostbite.
4. How do you dress for different types of weather?
5. How much water should you have when it is hot?
6. How does weather effect needy families and the homeless?
7. Know what CLOTHES you need to be wearing.

SERVICE
1. Do a coat drive.
2. Do a blanket/sock/shoe/coat drive for the homeless.
3. Work in a soup kitchen.
4. Help Girl Scouts in an area where there was a weather emergency such as a flood.

BADGES
These are possible badges that activities regarding weather could be applied to. Which one works best for you will depend on the activity you decide to do.

DAISY
Friendly and Helpful
Responsible for What I say and Do
Three Cheers for Animals Journey

BROWNIES:
First Aid
Bugs
Home Scientist
Senses
Hiker
Pets
Quest Journey
WOW Journey
Safety Award

JUNIORS:
First Aid
Flowers
Gardner
Animal Habitats
Camper
Get Moving Journey
Safety Award

CADETTES:
First Aid
Good Sportsmanship
Trees
Trail Blazing
Babysitting
Safety Award

SENIORS:
Cross Training
First Aid
Sky
Adventurer
Traveler
Voice for Animals
Sow What Journey
Safety Award

AMBASSADORS:
Coaching
First Aid
Water
Safety Award